The Abolition Amendment is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution. Upon ratification, the Abolition Amendment will abolish the property status of all animals within the jurisdiction of the United States of America, thereby putting an immediate end to the meat, dairy, egg, fur, vivisection, and other exploitation- and killing-based industries.
The full text of the Abolition Amendment, published on Abolition Day (Dec. 6), 2016, after years of development and almost a year of public comment, appears in the following graphic.
The full text is also provided in text form below.
The Abolition Amendment:
A Proposed Amendment to the United States Constitution
Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude of any animal shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Section 2. Congress shall, within two years of ratification hereof, establish a system whereby the writ of habeas corpus shall be available to ensure the rights of any animal or group of animals.
Section 3. Congress shall, within two years of ratification hereof, establish a system whereby every animal or group of animals who does not have a guardian shall be provided a guardian ad litem when necessary to protect the rights of the animal or group. Neither biological, behavioral, nor situational differences between potential members of a group shall preclude or hinder their inclusion in a group. Neither birth, entry, departure, death, nor other change of members of a group shall require reauthorization of the group’s guardian or recertification of the group. Any natural person, legally present in a U.S. jurisdiction and willing to serve diligently, competently, and faithfully as such guardian, shall have standing to petition a court of competent jurisdiction that such guardian be assigned. The petitioner may but need not be the person ultimately selected by such court to serve as such guardian.
Section 4. Congress may modify the definition of “animal” for the purposes of this article to accord with advances in science, except that in no event shall this definition exclude any organism with an observable capacity to fear, grieve, or experience pain. An organism’s possession of a central nervous system shall be sufficient, but not necessary, proof of such capacity.
Section 5. Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
The mission of the Economic Transition Team is to end 100% of the exploitation of all animals within the United States and its economy.
In pursuit of this mission, we wish to:
complete reports on every sector of the United States economy as related to agriculture, the environment, natural resources, rural economic development, education, jobs, financial services, health care, national security, law enforcement, transportation, science, and technology;
share our findings with all interested parties upon completion and publish said reports through, among other outlets, The Humane Herald;
become, in part, a vegan, abolitionist “think tank” where we attempt not only to highlight the issues but also to enable transition of all relevant industries from exploitation-based to exploitation-free; and
be a forum for bright human minds, young and old alike, to come together, envision, and create a fully vegan world.
3. ensure equality under federal, state, and territorial law, such equality including but not limited to sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, and marriage equality, through, inter alia, ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment II (“ERA2”).
4. end non-emergency-based use of toxic, hazardous, and economically untenable fuels and energy production methods, such fuels and methods including but not limited to “fossil” fuels and nuclear fission, such legislation and action including but not limited to:
replacing such fuels and methods with alternatives that serve the nation’s immediate and long-term economic and national security interests; and, to the degree possible,
remedying, both independently from and in concert with the international community, the harms heretofore caused by such fuels and methods.
5. defend the nation’s air, land, and water resources against further contamination and depletion, such defense including but not limited to:
prevention of anthropogenic effects on air quality, soil quality, and water quality beyond those inherent to humans as organisms;
establishment of zero-landfill waste management systems in all U.S. jurisdictions;
preservation of the remaining ecosystems of which the nation is a part, including development and pursuit of international agreement to the Non-Militarization of Animals Treaty (“NMAT”);
protection of the remaining species who inhabit such ecosystems, including, until the Abolition Amendment has rendered such measures moot, emancipating and granting legal personhood to all animals on public lands, through passing of the Live Animal National Defense Act (“LAND Act”); and, to the degree possible,
revitalization of such ecosystems and remediation of such anthropogenic effects.
6. cultivate the nation’s excellence in education, scholarship, and personal and professional development, such legislation and action including but not limited to:
fostering humane education; and,
until the Abolition Amendment has rendered such measures moot, denying public funding and privileged tax status to any institution that engages in vivisection or any other form of killing, exploitation, or abuse of animals through, inter alia, passing of the Humane Education Advances Research, Technology, and Science Act (“HEARTS Act”).
7. enhance national security, such legislation and action including but not limited to:
implementing the fiscal, energy, ethical, and environmental policies detailed herein;
modernizing the U.S. approach to national security so as to achieve both greater security and lower costs;
maximizing the value received by taxpayers from defense expenditures by replacing animal-based products with plant-based products in all national security contexts; and
eliminating systems and practices that create profit motives to engage in war or to encourage other nations to engage in war.
8. modernize intellectual property and freedom-of-information laws, such legislation and action including but not limited to:
harmonization of copyright and trademark law with patent law such that private causes of action for infringement remain but criminal penalties that include possibility of incarceration are eliminated;
guaranteeing of free, immediate, and unrestricted public access to all information produced by or in collaboration with any governmental entity or any tax-exempt entity, including but not limited to any private academic institution that benefits from tax exemption, except upon a clear and convincing demonstration by the party in possession of such information that such access would present an immediate and articulable threat to national security;
eliminating (i) copyright eligibility for any audible or visible recording of purposeful, knowing, or reckless violence by a human against another animal; and (ii) trademark eligibility for any good or service involving such violence through passing of the Violence Is Not Entertainment Act (“VINE Act”); and
protection of whistleblowers who expose illegal governmental practices against governmental retaliation.
9. end inhumane and fiscally unsound criminal investigation, trial, sentencing, and incarceration systems and practices, such legislation and action including but not limited to:
repeal of so-called “Three Strikes” laws and other inhumane mandatory sentencing laws;
repeal of the so-called “Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act” (AETA), ”Ag-Gag” laws, and other attempts to suppress speech, expressive conduct, and political dissent;
elimination of the death penalty;
maximizing the value received by taxpayers from criminal justice expenditures by replacing animal-based products with plant-based products in all criminal justice contexts; and
elimination of systems and practices that create profit motives to incarcerate people or keep them incarcerated.
10. end inhumane, scientifically indefensible, and economically unsound exploitation of other species by humans, such legislation and action including but not limited to, until the Abolition Amendment has rendered such measures moot:
elimination of both domestic trade in and import/export of sentient beings, regardless of species through, inter alia, passage of the Borders Act;
elimination of torture, mutilation, and slaughter of such beings;
elimination of both domestic and foreign trade in products resulting from or obtained by way of such exploitation, such products including dead body parts of animals and live animal secretions; and
elimination of services that include or are provided by way of such exploitation, such services including experiments performed on live animals and entertainment events that include live animals through, inter alia, ratification of the American Primate Emancipation Amendment (“APE Amendment”).
11. abolish the property status of (“emancipate”) other animals by either:
explicitly recognizing all other animals as fully protected individuals under the 13th Amendment prohibition of slavery; or
ratifying a new Constitutional amendment emancipating all other animals, namely, the Abolition Amendment.
12. grant legal standing and personhood to all other animals, such that an animal’s liberty can be procured by way of a habeas corpus proceeding and his or her rights can be enforced through a duly authorized legal guardian.
13. end inhumane, scientifically indefensible, and economically unsound practices with respect to genetically modified organisms (“GMO”), such legislation and action including but not limited to:
banning genetic modification of animals;
banning all GMO from the food supply, including anything that may be consumed by humans or other animals, whether wild or domestic, whether intentionally or accidentally;
destroying all GMO crops and seeds that have already been released into contact with the natural environment; and
imposing strict liability on all parties whose conduct causes any GMO contact with the natural environment.
14. allow humans, in appropriate cases of terminal, incurable and chronically painful illnesses, to exercise a right to die, including but not limited to a right to physician-assisted suicide.
15. recognize, through passing of the Genocide Recognition and Reparations Act, (i) the European invasion of the land masses now under U.S. jurisdiction as comprising a series of unprovoked acts of war and genocide; and (ii) the transatlantic human slave trade and the institution of human slavery itself as comprising a series of unprovoked acts of war and genocide; such legislation and action including but not limited to:
removal of the names and likenesses of chief perpetrators and enablers of these wrongs from all places of honor, such places including but not limited to U.S. currency and landmarks; and
establishment of, on behalf of the true and rightful descendants of victims of these wrongs, an agency tasked with designing and implementing a comprehensive system for remedying, to the extent possible, these wrongs; wherein:
the remedies so provided shall be provided exclusively by the U.S. federal government and preempt all other remedies within the U.S.; and
the U.S. federal government shall subrogate to all claims adjudicated pursuant to this section and be empowered to seek contribution from those nations who participated in or profited from these wrongs.
In regards to the nature and conduct of the Humane Party organization itself, we have further RESOLVED to continue to:
– accept only those officers and board members and endorse only those candidates for public office who have committed to:
lead their lives in accord with humane values, such values requiring, inter alia, adherence to what is popularly called a “vegan” and “cruelty-free” lifestyle;
pursue and achieve those political and legal solutions that accord with such values, such solutions including, inter alia, abolishing the property status of all other animals; and
oppose and defeat all proposed courses of action that would, if followed, conflict with such values.
– strive to embody and practice such values, both as individuals and as an organization.
– imbue our organizational procedures, protocols, practices, and publications with such values.
– treat all sentient beings as literal constituents while developing a formal representation structure through which these constituents’ political interests can be fully represented through permanent voting power wielded by and through their duly determined legal guardians.
– reject financial contributions from corporations, regardless of what campaign finance laws may hereafter permit, and regardless of the business or nature of a given corporation.
– encourage and empower vegan, abolitionist insurgencies within the other U.S. political parties through, inter alia, committing to withdraw our own candidate from a race for public office in favor of another qualified party’s qualified vegan, abolitionist candidate for that office according to the TIpping-Point Provision.
– encourage leaders of other political parties to commit their parties to abolition.
– encourage the founding and cultivation of vegan, abolitionist political parties and the election of vegan, abolitionist candidates in other countries.
– develop legislation, such as the ERA2 and the Abolition Amendment, that can be independently embraced and promoted by anyone who wishes to serve the best interests of the country, regardless of his or her political party affiliation.
– celebrate American Abolition Day (Abolition Day) on December 6 of each year, in both (i) commemoration of the end of human slavery in the United States and (ii) anticipation of the end of all slavery throughout the United States and throughout the world.
SO WE HAVE RESOLVED on February 27, 2016, and this draft WE HAVE RATIFIED on April 9, 2016, with the intent for publication on Humane Party Platform Day, April 22, 2016.
This work-in-progress document sets forth certain boundaries and best practices for visual publications, including image files, web pages, and printed materials (collectively, “visuals”) of the Humane Party (“HP”).
1. Logo integrity. The national and state HP logos must not be distorted. Thus, for example, the following changes should not be made:
color: logo colors—including saturation, contrast, and balance—must not be modified, including both foreground and background colors
distortion: resizing is necessary and proper, but logo shape, texture, and text must not be modified
intermingling: logos must not be mixed with, superimposed upon, or superimposed upon by other images, shapes, or text
spacing: no imagery should accompany a HP logo in such a way that the accompanying imagery appears to be part of the logo or significantly interferes with the “breathing space” around the logo
These limitations apply to:
the HP’s basic bovine logo
all the HP’s national and state seal logos (e.g., basic bovine image surrounded by two circles)
2. Animal portrayal. Animals must not be anthropomorphized, idealized, judged, pitted against each other, or arranged into a hierarchy. Thus, for example only, the following animal depictions should not be made:
clothing: animals must not be made to wear clothes, neither in photographs nor in animated portrayals
caricature: while all visual representation involves some degree of artificiality, animals’ bodies must not be distorted to the point of caricature or “Disney-ized” beyond the degree inherent in the given particular artistic medium or customary in the given artistic genre of the visual
behavior: animals should not be depicted in physical postures or activities that are unnatural, e.g., a cow driving a car
hierarchy: while a photograph of a lion eating a zebra may be necessary, a caption that calls the lion “King of the Jungle” would be improper
idealization: while labeling a dog as a “canine” or “quadruped” would be appropriate, labeling a dog as “man’s best friend” would be improper
pitting: animals must not be presented as physical opponents, e.g., two dogs fighting each other, or political opponents, e.g., a cow urging viewers to eat more chicken
posing: HP representatives should never force an animal to pose, carry a sign, appear on set, or otherwise require the animal to participate in the creation of HP visuals (or to participate in any other HP activities, for that matter)
3. “Branding”. The term “branding” is historically associated with animal abuse, specifically, the burning of animals to indicate ownership. The HP does not use this term to describe any part of HP activities. Instead, terms such as “marketing”, “trademark-development”, or similar terms should be used to describe activities pertaining to building the HP’s reputation and public persona.
4. Iconography. Symbols and motifs, ranging from font faces to religious icons, can connote meanings, allusions, preferences, and viewpoints that are not intrinsic to the image itself. Even if such embedded meanings are not known or intentionally tapped by a visual designer, the embedded meaning may still get transmitted, and a message recipient may perceive a meaning that was not intended. HP visuals therefore should:
minimize the range of symbols used in visuals, generally only using symbols that have well-established, unambiguous, and uniform meanings (e.g., alphanumeric characters)
minimize decoration and ornamentation that may add a meaning to a visual when such added meaning does not relate to the intended message
avoid using any form of imagery that is not sufficiently understood by the designer creating the visual
avoid using any form of imagery that may convey embedded meanings that are inconsistent with humane values
5. Quotations. Insightful statements made by others may be valuable to quote in a visual. However, quotations should be used only when:
the quotation has been confirmed as authoritative, i.e., the words being quoted were actually said by the speaker to whom they’re being attributed
the specific source (e.g., name of the book, date, and place of the speech) of the quotation is expressly cited in the visual itself
if the quotation is being presented in a favorable light, the speaker being quoted is someone whose known views are not directly opposed to humane values
6. Visual “quotations”. Occasionally, the Humane Party may wish to incorporate a photograph, political cartoon, or other image created by others into a HP visual. Using such an image is, in some respects, analogous to “quoting” the creator or owner of the image. Such images (“third-party content”) should be used only when:
the HP acquires from all necessary parties the right to use any such third-party content, in writing, prior to use of the third-party content
the maker or owner of the third-party content is identified in the HP visual
if the third-party content is being presented in a favorable light, the maker or owner of the third-party content is someone whose known views are not directly opposed to humane values
7. Original text. All original text included in a HP visual should conform to The Humane Manual of Style.
The Humane Party Visual Design Principles Guide (version 0.25)
This document sets forth certain boundaries, aspirations, stylistic preferences, and best practices for visual publications of the Humane Party.
1. Logo integrity. The state and national Humane Party logos must not be distorted. Thus, for example, the following changes should not be made:
color: logo colors—including saturation, contrast, and balance—should not be modified, including both foreground and background colors
shape/texture/text: while resizing is necessary and proper, logo shape, texture and text should not be modified, regardless of size
intermingling: logos should not be mixed with, superimposed upon, or superimposed upon by other images, shapes, or text
2. Animal portrayal. Animals must not be anthropomorphized, idealized, judged, or arranged into a hierarchy. Thus, for example, the following animal depictions should not be made:
clothing: animals should not be made to wear clothes, neither in photographs nor in animated portrayals
caricature: while artistic styling is inevitable and desirable, animals’ bodies should not be distorted to the point of caricature or “Disney-ized”behavior: animals should not be photographed, drawn, or otherwise rendered in physical postures or activities that are unnatural (e.g., a cow working at a computer)
hierarchy: while a photograph of a lion eating a zebra may be necessary, a caption that calls the lion “King of the Jungle” would be improper
idealization: while labeling a dog as a “canine” or “omnivore” would be appropriate, labeling a dog as “man’s best friend” would be improper
posing: HP representatives should never force an animal to pose, carry a sign, appear on set, or otherwise require the animal to participate in the creation of HP publications or materials (or any other HP activities, for that matter)
3. “Branding.” The term “branding” is strongly associated historically and etymologically with animal abuse, specifically, the burning of animals to indicate ownership. The HP does not use this term to describe any part of HP activities. Instead, terms such as “marketing,” “trademark-development,” or similar terms should be used to describe HP activities directed toward building the HP’s reputation and public persona.